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Month: April 2024

Resilience of European temperate forests to large and severe disturbances – what have we learned from a continental-scale network of regeneration inventories?

As a result of anthropogenic climate change, forest disturbance regimes are also changing, with individual disturbances often becoming larger and more severe. This may slow down the forest recovery process, or in worst cases, especially under a warmer and drier climate, lead to strong shifts in ecosystem dynamics, or in other words: a loss of forest resilience. Though numerous case studies have examined post-disturbance regeneration in Europe, it’s less clear if we can generalize broad patterns of forest recovery across European temperate forests subjected to large and severe disturbances caused by different agents.

A team of forest researchers from the University of Ljubljana, leveraging the networks created under the European projects I-MAESTRO and FORECO, joined forces with several research institutes across Europe to put together numerous ground-based inventories of regeneration after large and severe disturbances in European temperate forests. The goal was to achieve a more robust understanding on their resilience. We aimed at identifying the main environmental drivers affecting resilience, and how people should manage disturbed forests to support the recovery of their pre-disturbance structure and functionalities.

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Waldbrände – Wenn der Klimawandel Mensch und Natur bedroht

Waldbrandexperte Alexander Held im Gespräch mit G’Scheitholz! über Waldbrand, Prävention und Bekämpfung

Waldbrände prägen seit Jahrhunderten die mediterranen Landschaften in Südeuropa. Aber auch in Mitteleuropa werden Waldbrände immer häufiger und riskanter. Sowohl Klimawandel als auch Trends in der Landnutzung und Landschaftveränderungen führen weltweit zu extremer Feueraktivität und stellen die verschiedenen Regionen vor neue Herausforderungen.

Die Prävention von Waldbränden müsste noch mehr zur Zielsetzung werden, meint Waldbrandexperte Alexander Held vom European Forest Insitute im Gespräch mit dem österreichischen Klimaschutz-podcast G’Scheitholz!. Zwar können wir nicht alle Feuer verhindern, doch eine gute Prävention kann dafür sorgen, dass die Feuer, die auftreten, beherrschbar bleiben für die Feuerwehr. Das bedeutet beispielsweise die Brandlast, also die Menge an Brennmaterial, an Waldwegen zu reduzieren und mehr Pufferzonen zu schaffen.

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Unlocking the secrets of forests as carbon sinks: innovative tools to measure forests’ climate mitigation potential

How can we maximise the carbon stocks and carbon sequestration potential of forests – by managing or not managing them? And how can carbon Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) be made effective and affordable as part of the proposed EU Carbon Removal Certification Framework regulation?

Sofie Van Winckel and Arne Van Wolputte, researchers at KU Leuven, are on a journey to answer these questions using various high-tech tools, including the Arboreal App, an iPad with LIDAR and a computer model based on satellite and field data. Read on and join them in uncovering the secrets of climate mitigation in the INFORMA project’s case studies!

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