Press "Enter" to skip to content

Category: Forest Risks

Bridging the gap between the world(s) of research, practitioners and policy-makers

How can we increase the resilience of our forest to be better prepared for future natural disturbances and climate change, while maintaining a high level of wood production, carbon storage, and habitat quality for biodiversity? The project Innovative forest management strategies for a resilient bioeconomy under climate change and disturbances (I-MAESTRO) aims at improving the scientific basis for developing adequate forest management strategies. In an interview series, we are introducing the different I-MAESTRO partners and their roles in the project – and we are sharing very personal perspectives from different researchers involved. The series starts with Matteo Cerioni from University of Ljubljana.

What is the University of Ljubljana (LU) contributing to I-Maestro?
The main contribution of LU is improving information on disturbances and the knowledge on recovery processes following them. More specifically, we are contributing to the update of a European database on forest disturbances and carrying out empirical studies on regeneration dynamics after large disturbances. This involves both collecting new field data (e.g. Slovenian forests subjected to ice storm and following bark beetle; Bulgarian beech forest reserve subjected to wildfire) and gathering and analyzing existing data from other European research groups interested in collaborating. These empirical studies will also serve the models, testing their ability to reproduce recovery processes. Furthermore, we are involved in developing metrics to assess the forest structural complexity resulting from different model simulations. It is considered a key features of forest resilience and includes tree spatial arrangement, size diversity and biodiversity. Finally, we will be involved in the dissemination of results among interested stakeholders.

Leave a Comment

Towards improved disturbance risk management in European forests: serving the needs and building on positive experiences of different countries

Day 2 of the SURE conference

Where are shortcomings in effective disturbance risk management in different European Countries? How can we move from often short-term decisions to long-term oriented disturbance mitigation and resource use in policy-making and practice to create a more resilient forest sector? How can the various actors involved in implementing measures for prevention and preparedness be better supported in view of future disturbance events? How do both policy makers and practitioners assess the importance of cross-sectoral and cross-country knowledge exchange and learning?

We discussed these questions with more than 40 policy makers and some practitioners from 17 countries on the 27th of August as part of the second day of the virtual conference of the SURE project. A Policy Brief distributed beforehand, provided a synthesis on natural disturbance risk management based on science, practice and policy perspectives. The key messages from the first day of the conference were also an inspiration for the discussion: Alex Giurca presented a graphic reporting capturing the issues discussed on day 1. Christoph Hartebrodt, based on his knowledge on the European Forest Risk Facility initiative, provided another perspective on the topics covered. After presenting the activities and research done during three years of SURE, an interactive session with policy perspectives on risk management paradigms gathered views from Germany, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland, Ireland, Austria, Turkey, United Kingdom, and the Czech Republic. 

Leave a Comment

Enhancing resilience of forests to disturbances – why networks are essential. Day 1 of the SURE conference.

“Collaboration is key to enhance forest resilience.” This was the opening message given by Marcus Lindner (project coordinator of SURE) when introducing the SURE conference and the European Forest Risk Facility on the 26th of August. During this first day, more than 70 participants joined the conference, from 25 different countries, representing science, practice and policy. Seven presenters from the European Forest Risk Facility network reflected upon the significance of collaboration highlighting the importance of immediate response, exchange of experts, prevention, networking, and media interaction to raise public awareness. The whole conference was supported by the graphic reporting of Alex Giurca who combined the skills of a note taker and artist to provide a visual and captivating representation of the conference. Such tools are a creative and immediate support to decision making providing an illustration and key messages of complex presentations and discussions.

Leave a Comment

Registration open: SURE final conference: “Collaboration – key to forest disturbance management in a new decade”

The European Forest Institute kindly invites you to the conference “Collaboration – key to forest disturbance management in a new decade”, taking place on 26-27 August 2020. Join the virtual conference to hear about best practice examples and lessons learned in disturbance management from Forest Risk Facility network members!

Leave a Comment

“Extreme wildfires are not new, even if they appear to be”

A Lecture on Extreme Wildfires in the European South by Paulo Fernandes as part of thePyroLife International Symposium: Towards an Integrated Fire Management

Fire has been for centuries a modeler of Mediterranean landscapes in southern Europe. Climate change as well as current trends in land use and landscape changes are triggering extreme fire activity, posing new challenges to the region. Paulo Fernandes explains which are these new challenges, and what is the way forward.

We live with fire. But mostly, we live with the worst kind of fire” – started Paulo Fernandes, in reference to Portugal. As a professor and researcher in The University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, he knows well this kind of phenomena. Within the fire community, this “worst kind of fires” are widely known as “extreme wildfires”.

Leave a Comment

Forever young – an end of an era for old-growth forests?

When asked what kind of trees I like, the answer always is old. No matter the species, there is something humbling and comforting about the old giants that puts my mind at ease. And I’m not the only one: big, ancient trees are central in many mythologies, and some individuals are famous and loved by many, for example General Sherman in the USA and Major Oak in the UK. But we might not be able to enjoy their majesty much longer, according to a recent study.

Leave a Comment

Waldwissenschaftler fordern: Waldumbau durch effiziente Bejagung unterstützen

Warum wir eine Neufassung des Bundesjagdgesetzes brauchen

Ein Gastbeitrag von Christian Ammer, Thomas Knoke und Michael Müller

Vor dem Hintergrund der Herausforderungen durch den Klimawandel müssen wir vielgestaltige und anpassungsfähige Wälder aufbauen. Wildeinflüsse können dieses Ziel gefährden. Deswegen hat der wissenschaftliche Beirat für Waldpolitik des Bundesministeriums für Ernährung und Landwirtschaft (BMEL) im Februar 2020 ein Eckpunktepapier zur Waldstrategie 2050 veröffentlicht. In diesem wird benannt, welche Regelungen bei der Reform des Bundesjagdgesetzes geändert werden müssten, um den drängenden Aufgaben nachkommen zu können. Wir stimmen der Analyse und den Empfehlungen des wissenschaftlichen Beirats aus waldwissenschaftlicher Sicht im Wesentlichen zu und fordern die Politik auf, die Empfehlungen ihres Beirats zu berücksichtigen.

1 Comment

Wildlebensraum Wald in Gefahr

ein Beitrag von Hans von der Goltz

Die neuerliche Trockenheit im dritten Jahr in Folge lässt die Borkenkäfer zu Milliarden erfolgreich ihre nächsten Opfer finden. Sie und andere Schadinsekten haben leichtes Spiel mit den durch den Wassermangel schon ums Überleben kämpfenden Bäumen. Es müssen alle vom Menschen beeinflussbaren Maßnahmen konsequent ergriffen werden, um die nächste Waldgeneration stabiler zu machen gegen die Herausforderungen des Klimawandels. Der Wald muss gemischter und strukturreicher werden.
Das verhindern auf der überwiegenden Waldfläche Deutschlands zu viele Rehe, Hirsche oder anderes Schalenwild. Das Bundesjagdgesetz muss rechtlich dafür sorgen, dass der erforderliche Waldumbau gelingt. Ziel muss es sein, dass Wald und Wild in einer Balance miteinander leben und überhöhte Schalenwildbestände nicht weiter ihre eigene Lebensgrundlage zerstören. In dem aktuellen Entwurf des Bundesjagdgesetzes kann man diese Absicht zwar ansatzweise erkennen, die klare Konsequenz fehlt jedoch vollständig. In Anbetracht der besorgniserregenden deutschlandweiten Waldsituation ist die Zeit der Freiwilligkeit, der hoffnungsvollen Unverbindlichkeit, des Kniefalls vor der Jägerlobby vorbei. Das Bundesjagdgesetz (BJagdG) muss aus gesamtgesellschaftlicher Verantwortung nun wirklich klare zielorientierte Regelungen zur Waldrettung treffen.

Leave a Comment

“Political commitments are not enough”

An Interview with Eva Müller, Director General, Forests, Sustainability and Renewable Resources, BMEL

Forests are among our planet’s most important human life-supporting ecosystems, and we have many expectations with regards to the ecosystem services they provide. But: How do major global challenges such as climate change and biodiversity loss affect forests globally, and what can forest governance and management do? How can we deal with rising and changing demands for forest products and ecosystem services due to global population and economic growth, and urbanization?   

In order to discuss these questions, the conference “Governing and managing forests for multiple ecosystem services” brought together policymakers, practitioners and academic researchers from different fields on 26-28 February in Bonn. During this event, EFI in collaboration with the documentary filmmaker Patrick Augenstein, interviewed Eva Müller, Director General, Forests, Sustainability and Renewable Resources at the German Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL).

Leave a Comment

Kleine Superhelden im Kampf gegen das Eichensterben

In Deutschland gibt es sie schon seit der Antike, Hölderlin und Herder haben über sie gedichtet, und seit dem 18. Jahrhundert gilt sie als der “deutsche Nationalbaum”: Zweifellos hat die Eiche für die Menschen in Deutschland eine besondere Bedeutung. Auch im Klimawandel wird ihr eine wichtige Rolle zugeschrieben. Gleichzeitig ist sie vor allem durch Schädlinge Risiken ausgesetzt, die ihre Widerstandsfähigkeit gefährden. Wie man dieses “Eichensterben” mit natürlichen Mitteln bekämpfen kann, untersucht seit Kurzem ein neues Projekt von Wald und Holz NRW, das von der Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V. (FNR) gefördert wird. Auch das European Forest Institute gehört zu den Projektpartnern. Ich habe Bernhard Tapken, der im Projekt “Eichenresilienz” arbeitet, einige Fragen gestellt.

Was ist das Ziel des Projektes “Eichenresilienz”?

Das Ziel des von Wald und Holz Nordrhein-Westfalen geleiteten Projektes ist es die Widerstandsfähigkeit der heimischen Eichenarten, Stiel- und Traubeneiche, zu untersuchen und Wege aufzuzeigen diese natürliche Resilienz zu fördern. Wir untersuchen dabei, wie man die sogenannte „Eichenfraßgesellschaft“ erfolgreich mit natürlichen Gegenspielern bekämpfen kann.

Leave a Comment